Holocaust Survivor Visits ND for Kristallnacht Remembrance Day
On November 9, 1938, German Nazis began violent attacks on the Jewish community. Nazi officials burned hundreds of synagogues and thousands of Jewish-owned businesses, homes, and schools were destroyed. Ninety-one Jews were murdered, while an additional 30,000 Jewish men were arrested and sent to concentration camps. With glass from the shattered windows lining the streets, the Nazis later referred to the night of November 9 as "Kristallnacht," which means “Crystal Night,” or, “The Night of Broken Glass.”
On Friday, November 8, Notre Dame juniors and seniors attended a Kristallnacht Remembrance Assembly. Mr. Isidor "Izzy" Juda, age 98, told students how he fled Vienna, Austria when he was sixteen years old, at the time of German occupation. Mr. Juda found himself aboard a train headed toward a concentration camp. As soon as he felt the train slow down, he made the life-saving decision to jump off and hid in the brush until the train was out of sight.
Mr. Juda was accompanied by Mr. Gus Longo, Mrs. Doris Zelinsky, and Mrs. Fay Sheppard, local Jewish Community leaders, who spoke and answered questions in Mr. Milano's '07 Holocaust class.